Kyrgyz folk music has its origins from the ancient times. Music always was the helpmate of the Kyrgyz. Kyrgyz folk music according to genre features is divided into instrumental and vocal.
Among different musical instruments three-stringed komuz is the most ancient and widely spread among the Kyrgyz. Not without reason it is said: “Komuz is the spirit of a man.” According to the legend one hunter Kambarkan invented it. He heard the music, liked it and went to the sound of this tune. Later he made the instrument, resembling those sounds that he liked. The tree of dried apricot or fir is used for making komuz. Till the 20th century sheep guts were used for komuz strings.
For a long time other musical instruments have been spread among the Kyrgyz. They are: temir-komuz (vargan), kyl kayak (bow instrument), chopo choor (pipe), sunray, kerney (type of oboe), dobulbas (type of kettledrum). Many of these instruments are well known among other nations of Central Asian Kazakh region.
Temir komuz – women and children considered the traditional performers. Later men also became the performers. Temir komuz is one of the most ancient musical instruments, the analogues of which can be met among many nations of the world.
Chopo Choor – choor is made of clay. Generally it is spread in the south of Kyrgyzstan.
Sybyzgy is made from the wood of apricot, barbery, reed or copper.
Surnay is a tube-like instrument with a double reed. It sounds harsh with nasal tone. Previously it was used as a signaling instrument. At present, it almost ceased to exist.
Kerney is especially a signal, high-pitched tone musical instrument. A distinctive aspect is that there are no musical openings.
Vocal genre of the Kyrgyz developed in three directions: song art of akyns and yrchi, consumer mass songs and epic tales.
In the process of the historical development of the Kyrgyz people, its musical culture changed and became perfect.
Thus, in the XVIII century and first half of the XIX century the Kyrgyz folk music continued to develop and cooperate with musical art of other nations of Central Asia and Kazakhstan, influencing on them and keeping its national features.
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