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Architectural monuments

Shah-Fazil Mausoleum
Published: 30 june 2014

  The construction of Shah-Fazil Mausoleum supposedly refers to the XI-XII centuries. This major historical and architectural complex of Central Asian combines monuments of different eras. The mausoleum is located in the Jalal-Abad region in the Republic of Kyrgyzstan. The complex includes a monument of nature - the sacred mountain Archa-Mazar and the monument of the Bronze Age XVIII-XIX centuries. Later, the complex included Alamberdar mausoleum of XIX century, holy hermit cave, Shah-Fazil mausoleum and Safid-Bulent mausoleum. A characteristic feature of these sites is the combination of austerity and luxury decoration, presented in the form of carvings of blue, yellow and red colors.   It is a square building, height of which 11 metres. The interior of the mausoleum is decorated with ganch carvings. The legend says that there was an attack on defenseless people, in which...

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Manas
Published: 20 january 2014

  Manas is Kyrgyz epos and the name of main hero, uniting the Kirghiz people. It is the longest epic in the world. Unlike other epics, the Kyrgyz epic "Manas" tells not one hero but eight generations of one family. "Manas" was named in honor of Kyrgyz hero and khan named Manas. Epic was written in 9-10 centuries, its first lines appeared in 1856. According to legend, "Manas" was created not by poets but God. Waking up, artists of "Manas" had the ability to learn a million lines of verse.   Manas is famous hero of the Kyrgyz people, the embodiment of strength, courage and wisdom. Epic is said about representatives of eight generations of Manas family, headed by the Kyrgyz people in the fight for their freedom and happiness. "Manas" consists of 8 parts, narrating about a generation of heroes. Characteristic features of “Manas” are images of heroes and epic pictures. I...

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Shorobashat
Published: 09 september 2013

  Kyrgyzstan is a country with a rich history. There are more than 5000 architectural monuments of historical significance on its territory. Kara-Daria, Kosh-Bulak, Djanybazaeskiy and Shorobashat settlements were built in IV-I centuries BC.   The ruins of a big settlement Shorobashat are located between Uzgen and Jalal-Abad. It has an area of 70 hectares (1400х500m). Shorobashat is surrounded by a barrier with a length of 3 km and height of 6 m. Settlement consists of four fortified parts: religious complex, refuge, citadel and military camp. The size of the fortress-citadel is about 250х300 metres, it has trapezoid shape. During excavations there were found remains of some farmhouses on the territory of the settlement. The western part of the citadel served as a refuge for the local people where they hid during the attack of enemies. The military camp was different from all th...

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Tash-Rabat - caravanseray
Published: 20 august 2013

  Tash-Rabat is one of the few stone buildings in Atbashin region of Kyrgyzstan. It was built in the 10thcentury BC. Originally Tash-Rabat was like a monastery, which was founded by the monks. There are very few buildings and structures of stone in Central Asia. One of them is the Tash-Rabat.   In 1980 architectural and archaeological structure of Tash-Rabat was well studied. It is a rectangle of 35.7 x 33.7 m with several domes, inside of which there is a large central hall and 31 rooms located around the room, topped with 20 domes and arches. The central hall’s floor is revetted with flat stone; the floor of other rooms is covered with nothing. Deep holes were found in some rooms, the depth of one of them is 2.7 metre and a diameter is 0.9 metre.   It is still a mystery who built Tash-Rabat. According to the history, a caravanserai was built by a local ruler Mohamm...

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